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    Chandrayaan-3 landing module to detach today

    Chandrayaan-3 landing module to detach today




     completed another lunar-bound manoeuvre early Wednesday to guide Chandrayaan-3

     into a 153km x 163km orbit, setting the stage for the separation of the landing module comprising Vikram

     (the lander) and Pragyan (the rover) from the propulsion module.

    “Today’s successful firing, needed for a short duration, has put Chandrayaan-3 into an orbit of 153 km x 163 km, as intended. With this, the lunar-bound manoeuvres are completed. It’s time for preparations as the propulsion module and the lander module gear up for their separate journeys,” Isro said.

    This leaves only seven more days before the landing module attempts to land on the lunar surface on August 23. After Wednesday’s manoeuvre, Isro will perform another manoeuvre for lander separation on Thursday, following which Vikram will have to be again put into an elliptical orbit. Isro will again carry out manoeuvres to put the landing module to achieve this.

    The de-boost manoeuvres will eventually put Vikram in an orbit where the Perilune (closest point to Moon) is 30km and Apolune (farthest point from Moon) is 100km. The final landing will be attempted from this orbit.

    Once the 30km x 100km orbit has been achieved, the most critical part of the landing, the process of reducing the velocity of the lander from 30km height to the final landing, as Isro chairman S Somanath had said earlier, will begin.

    Isro will also have to overcome the phase where the spacecraft’s horizontal orientation needs to change to a vertical one, before Vikram makes the final descent on August 23.

    As of Wednesday, Chandrayaan-3 has completed 33 days. After the launch on July 14, Chandrayaan-3 completed five Earth-bound manoeuvres between July 15 and 25, which raised its altitude to more than 1.2-lakh-km at the farthest point from Earth, the trans-lunar injection (TLI) on August 1, which put it in a path towards Moon at an altitude of nearly 3.6-lakh-km before the Lunar Orbit

     Insertion (LOI) put it in an elliptical orbit around Moon on August 5.

    Since LOI, Chandrayaan-3 remained in an elliptical orbit, with multiple lunar-bound manoeuvres reducing its Apolune (farthest point to Moon) progressively before Wednesday’s manoeuvre put it into a circular orbit.

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    Why is Kodaikanal called Princess of hills?

    Why is Kodaikanal called Princess of hills?



    Kodaikanal was established in 1845 to serve as a refuge from the high temperatures and tropical diseases during the summer in the plains. It is a popular tourist destination and is referred to as the “Princess of Hill stations” with much of the local economy based on the hospitality industry serving tourism.

    Kodaikanal is a town and hill station in Dindigul district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It is situated at an altitude of 2,225 m (7,300 ft) in the Palani hills of the Western Ghats. As per the 2011 census, the city had a population of 36,501.

    What is the speciality of Kodaikanal hills?

    The cool and misty weather, the scenic beauty of the rolling hills and the wooded forest of Kodaikanal and its surroundings will mesmerize any visitor throughout the year.

    Which is highest, Ooty or Kodaikanal?

    Ooty has an elevation of 2,400 meters, with Kodaikanal just a little behind at an elevation of 2,133 meters. Kodaikanal is known as the “Gift of the Forest”, while Ooty is lovingly referred to as, “Queen of Hill Stations”.

    Which is colder, Ooty or Kodaikanal?

    Temperature: Both hill stations have a pleasant climate during monsoon, with cooler temperatures compared to the surrounding plains. However, Kodaikanal generally experiences milder weather during this time, with temperatures often staying more moderate than Ooty.

    What food is special in Kodaikanal?

    Dosas, idilis, Upma, Parota, Sambhar, Rasam, Paysam, Kesari, Sweet pongal and lots more.

    Which is the best month to visit Kodaikanal?

    Kodaikanal can be visited through the year, but the ideal time is in the winter between October and March. The summer and monsoon months from April to June and between July and September respectively, also make for a good Kodaikanal trip.

    Which is the nearest airport to Kodaikanal?

    Kodaikanal doesn’t have an airport, so if you want to come here by air, then you will have to fly down to the nearest airport which is in Madurai, which is 120kms away, or Trichy which is 150kms away. Another airport that is often used to get to Kodaikanal is Coimbatore airport which is 175km away.

    What is the special thing in Kodaikanal?

    Kodaikanal is home to almost 10 unique waterfalls. The most visited of these are Liril Falls, Bear Shola Falls, Silver Cascade Waterfall, Vattakanal Waterfalls, Fairy Falls, Kumbakkarai Falls, Pambar Falls, and Thalaiyar Falls.

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    Thoppi Amma: Who Is She? What is known about Topi Amma, the mysterious hat mother of Tiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu

    Thoppi Amma: Who Is She? What is known about Topi Amma, the mysterious hat mother of Tiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu



    We frequently hear about fascinating individuals and spiritual tales in India. A mysterious woman known online as Thoppi Amma (also referred to as Topi Amma or Toppi Amma) has gained popularity recently. In Tamil Nadu’s temple town of Tiruvannamalai, people huddle around her as she strolls. This is everything we know about Hat Mother Thoppi Amma.

    Many people in India look for spiritual meaning and frequently think that particular persons or objects are endowed with special abilities. This belief stems from a combination of their personal views, their upbringing, and superstition. As a result, they frequently perceive those in their immediate vicinity as sacred and endowed with extraordinary powers. Thoppi Amma, also known as Topi Amma or Toppi Amma, is the most recent addition to this. She is revered as the hat mother of Tiruvannamalai, a holy city in Tamil Nadu. Numerous images and videos posted on social media show Thoppi Amma strolling through Tiruvannamalai’s streets as large crowds follow in her wake.

    Because of her distinctive attire, which consists of a long skirt that is worn out and ragged, a full-sleeved shirt, and a hat, she is known as the “hat mother” or Thoppi Amma. Her modest look belies the respect she is held by the community, who trust in her to bring good fortune and blessings. The mysterious aura that surrounds Thoppi Amma still captivates locals and users of social media.

    Thoppi Amma: who is she?

    Online videos that have gone popular claim that the people of Tiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu, think Thoppi Amma, sometimes called Topi Amma or Hat Mother, will bring luck and favors. However, no one is sure where this idea originated. Online videos and pictures show her being followed by large groups of people, who share the food or cup she tosses as a sanctified offering known as “prasad.” Unintentionally, she’s turned into a local legend, with many believing she has magical abilities. It’s ironic because despite having advanced dementia, Thoppi Amma remains oblivious to the legend that surrounds her. She frequently appears with a worn-out shirt, cap, and skirt.

    The tiny village of Tiruvannamalai in Tamil Nadu, it seems on the internet, gives Thoppi Amma an air of mystery. The reasons for the mystery surrounding her remain unknown, as is her life story and how she came to be in Tiruvannamalai.


    Toppi Amma miracles
    Topi Amma story
    Topi Amma Arunachalam wikipedia
    Topi Amma History
    Thoppi Amma history in Tamil
    Why Topi Amma is famous

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    CAT 2023 response sheet out on, link to download

    IIM CAT 2023 response sheet released at



    IIM CAT 2023 response sheet released at

    CAT 2023 Response sheet: The Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Lucknow has published the response sheet of the Common Admission Test (CAT) 2023. Candidates who have appeared in the examination can log in to the website and download it.

    “Objection form and Response sheet for CAT 2023 appeared candidates is live from 05th Dec 2023 (11:00 A.M.) till 08th Dec 2023 (05:00 P.M)” reads the official website.

    Direct link 

    The entrance test took place on November 26 in three slots. There were 66 questions in the exam, of which 24 were from Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension (VARC), 20 were on Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning (DILR) and 22 were on Quantitative Ability (QA).

    A total of 3.28 lakh candidates were registered for CAT 2023 and 2.88 lakh or 88 per cent of them appeared.

    The duration of the test was 120 minutes (160 minutes for PWD candidates).

    Direct link to download CAT 2023 answer key

    IIM Lucknow has also invited feedback from candidates. Those who want to raise objections to the preliminary answer key can do it till December 8.

    Candidates’ objections will be reviewed by a panel of experts and if found valid, revised answers will be published on the final key.

    After that, the results of the entrance examination will be announced. Candidates who qualify in CAT 2023 can then apply for admission to their preferred B-schools.

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